We’ve written about roof repair and roof replacement, how to pick the best roofer, and the ways that a roofing company can work with an insurance company to repair your home.
But one thing we haven’t discussed are the many types of roofing materials that are used during new roof installation. Let’s take a look at the many materials that will be used when you hire Bluebird to put on that new roof. (For this blog, we’ll be focusing on the materials needed for the type of roof that’s on 70% of US homes: the asphalt shingle.)
Tools To Remove the Old Roof
Before roof installation can begin, a roofing company must first remove the old shingles. This often includes a specialized tool called a shingle scraper, but less specific tools such as pitchforks can be used in a pinch. When most of the shingles have been removed, a common crowbar will be used to remove any nails that didn’t come up with the shingles.
Roof Felt and Synthetic Underlayment
Roof felt, also known as tar paper, is a bituminous waterproofing material that is used to protect homes from anything that might get through the singles. It sheds water in the case of missing shingles or any that might blow up under the shingles, providing secondary weather protection. Roof felt is placed over the naked plywood roof and stapled to secure it. Some roof felt is self-sticking, but staples are always a good idea.
A drip edge is a piece of corrosion-resistant metal that goes along the edges of the roof. It helps improve the waterproofing by shedding water from the home. It also helps to keep the edges of the roof felt in place. Not only that, but drip edging also gives the edge of the roof a “finished” look, making it look better than if it were missing.
The Roofing Material
From cave ceilings to fabric tents to thatch, people have lived (and continue to live) under dozens of types of roofing materials. At Bluebird Roofing, our roofers install four main types of roofs. First are the traditional asphalt shingles, the most common type of roofing in America. Next come the slate shingles, which are much more durable than asphalt shingles and take an expert roofer to install. There are also cedar shingles, wood planks that look great on the right type of house. The last type of roof material we use are standing seam metal sheets, a type of roof made from steel or aluminum that lasts for decades.
Any place that channels water is going to be at a greater risk of leaking. That’s where flashing comes in, providing an extra layer of metal protection in the “valleys” of the roof and moving water to the gutters.
Vent and Chimney Flashing
Most roofs of today have half-a-dozen or more additions that can complicate the desire for complete watertightness. These include attic vents, chimneys, and furnace vents. Flashing is needed around these to aid the tar paper in keeping the elements out of your home.
While there are many variations when it comes to the place where the parts of a slanted roof meet (gable), one of the most common is a ridge cap. The ridge cap is a piece of metal that is attached to the gables in order to provide additional protection on this vital part of the roof. Sometimes ridge caps are standalone pieces, while other times they are shingles that are bent in order to cover both sides of the ridge and allow the water to flow down each side.
Depending on the type of roof you choose, there might be additional materials need. But overall, what we discussed above are the most common roofing materials around. Just as important as the materials are the roofers who install them, so contact a roofing company who really knows what they’re doing: Bluebird Roofing!